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Physical Review Letters Milestones 1958-1969

Data re-ordered and summarized from much lengthier, reviewed and abstracted summaries from:
Letters from the Past – A PRL Retrospective
Gene D. Sprouse
Editor-in-Chief, APS

1969 High-Energy Inelastic e-p Scattering at 6° and 10°
E. D. Bloom, D. H. Coward, H. DeStaebler, J. Drees, G. Miller, L. W. Mo, R. E. Taylor, M. Breidenbach, J. I. Friedman, G. C. Hartmann, and H. W. Kendall
Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 930 (1969) NOBEL 1990

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A Short Timeline of Quantum Mechanics, 1900-1962

1900 Johannes Rydberg refines the expression for observed hydrogen line wavelengths.

1900 Max Planck states his quantum hypothesis and blackbody radiation law1902 Philipp Lenard observes that maximum photoelectron energies are independent of illuminating intensity but depend on frequency.

1902 Theodor Svedberg suggests that fluctuations in molecular bombardment cause the Brownian motion.

1905 Albert Einstein explains the photoelectric effect.

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(For some reason I couldn't find a simple listing of Nobel Prize winners listed alphabetically–so here one is. This is linked to the Nobel site which of course has an exhaustive listing of winners and reasons for the award; this list is a simple thumbnail of the winners.)

Note: about halfway down is a descending list of recipients with the Nobel Foundation's reasons for the awards. All text in the descrption for the award is from the Nobel Foundation site. (This ends/begins in 1997–I'll get this up to date shortly.)

For videos of the recipients' Nobel lectures, see here.

Abrikosov, Alexei A. 2003
Alferov, Zhores I. 2000
Alfven, Hannes 1970
Alvarez, Luis W. 1968
Anderson, Carl David 1936
Anderson, Philip W. 1977

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Einstein on bike

JF Ptak Science Books LLC

1901 ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 4(3):513-523
Conclusions from the capillarity occurrences

1902 ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 8(8):798-814
The thermodynamic theory
of the potential differences between metals and complete dissociation
solutions of their salts and a electrical method towards the probing of
molecular power

1902 ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 9(10):417-433
Kinetic theory of the heat equilibrium and the second fundamental theorem of the thermodynamics

1903 ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 11(5):170-187
A theory on the basics of thermodynamics

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SInce we're in the beginning of the 150th anniversary of the war I thought to put together a handy list of battles–I think 've seen one elsewhere but really I cannot recall the locatiion, so I cobbled together a fast-and-dirty alpha list to have on hand.

Alphabetical Listing of Major Civil War Campaigns, by Battle

Allatoona Georgia October 5, 1864
Amelia Springs Virginia April 5, 1865
Antietam / Sharpsburg Maryland September 16-18, 1862
Appomattox Station Virginia April 8, 1865
Appomattox Court House Virginia April 9, 1865
Aquia Creek Virginia May 29-June 1, 1861
Arkansas Post / Fort Hindman Arkansas January 9-11, 1863
Atlanta Georgia July 22, 1864
Athens Alabama January 26, 1864
Averasborough / Smiths Ferry / Black River North Carolina March 16, 1865
Auburn / Catlett's Station / St. Stephen's Church Virginia October 13, 1863
Auburn / Coffee Hill Virginia October 14, 1863

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This is a simple and basic outline for a chronological list of computers constructed from 1938 (with the Konrad Zuse "Z1" in Germany) through the Alliant series in 1988.

Key: listings are by Maker/Name of the computer/Country of origin/Year

Example: Zuse Z1 Germany 1938 (So, the ZI computer made in 1938 by Konrad Zuse, in Germany)

Here's a terrific piece of work called "The Computer Tree", from Electronic Computers Within the Ordnance Corps , by Karl Kempf. "U.S. Army Diagram", the source of this information coming from the U.S. Army, here.

This image is expandable.

Computer tree
I've found a supplement for computer tree above. . The new one is interesting and has its differences from its predecessor, and divides its generations of computers in terms of logic technology. It is found in a 1960 NSF pamphlet called "The Family Tree of Computer Design", a Brief Summary of Computer Development, and I found its reference in a good book by I.B. Cohen, Howard Aiken, Portrait of a Computer Pioneer, published by MIT and available here.


[Image source:

Computer tree center

Computer tree left

Computer tree right

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Bohr

Niels Bohr Works, 1909-1955. This list is assembled from the data from the HistCite of the Garfield Library of the University of Pennsylvania.

1909 PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-CONTAINING PAPERS OF A MATHEMATICAL OR PHYSICAL CHARACTER 209: 281-317
Bohr N
Determination of the surface-tension of water by the method of jet vibration

1910 PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-CONTAINING PAPERS OF A MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTER 89 (572): 395-403
Bohr N
On the determination of the tension of a recently formed water-surface.

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